The Reluctant Fundamentalist​

The novel “The Reluctant Fundamentalist” is written by a Pakistani author named Mohsin Hamid, and it was published in 2007. The novel uses the technique of a frame story, which is a literary technique that sometimes serves as a companion piece to a story within a story. the story takes place during the course of a single evening in an outdoor Lahore cafe, where a bearded Pakistani man called Changez tells an American stranger about his love affair with an American woman, and his eventual abandonment of America.

So far I have read till chapter 10, and it leaves a good impression on me. Even though the book can have a difficult language and sentences, it is still a good book. The story is so good and seems almost real. Even though the book is not a typical type of book for me to read, I still find it a bit interesting because of the story that the main character tells the stranger. Something that makes the book so different from anything I have ever read is the way the author has written the book. He has written it so you only see the conversation between the main character and the stranger through Changez perspective. So the conversations they have only shown what Changez says, and we don’t really get much of the stranger’s responses, other than his facial expressions, attitude, and short answers. This makes the story so much more interesting because you are left with questions after reading each chapter.

Since we never know what the stranger/American is thinking, it makes us as readers wonder more about the other character. The thing that i personally think the most about when it comes to the book, is why the American is in Pakistan in the first place. The author drops small hints of the reason to why he traveled there, like for example in the beginning of chapter 10 when Changez saw a bulge in the strangers pants and immediately thought it was a gun. The gun he is carrying might be for a potential job or mission he might have, and that is why he traveled. That question is what annoys me the most out of the story, but is also the most interesting thing about the story, since it is such a big mystery.

Something that makes the story more special, is that the author not only wrote it from the main character’s perspective, but he made it look like he was talking to the readers. In conclusion, this novel has a lot of differences from any other book out there, and it makes it very unique. From any other thing I have ever read, this has been the hardest to read and understand, but that is not a bad thing at all. That makes it very informative and educational.

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My son the fanatic and free for all

Both of the stories are about moving to a new country, and some of the poeple in the stories are trying to fit in and adapting themselves to a new culture. That was not the case for everyone though. The son in the “My son the fanatic” found it quite hard to fit in the new country, so did the father in “free for all”. They were the people in the stories that struggled the most, even though everyone did. So both of the stories shows that it is not that easy for everyone to move to a new country and culture. People can feel so comfortable living the life they did, so they don`t want to move on from that. Also having no friends when you move to a new country can lead to being very lonely, so people will start assuming things about you that might not be true. Being alone and feeling like you have no one can talk to, can make people think that something else is going up with you. Like for example the son in the first story was very lonely, and his father started assuming that he did drugs since he acted a strange way.

That showed that him and his father didnt have a very honest father and son relationship, which they should have had since he had no one else besides his father. In both of the stories the fathers wanted to stop what the sons did, but they did it in different ways.  The father and son from the other movie had a complicated relationship, where the father didnt like what the son did so he used violence. Both of the stories ended up with violence.

What the two stories are saying about multiculturalism is that some cultures can`t live with eachother, since the father and son in the first story ended up with misunderstanding eachother. It is also saying that it can be hard to adapt yourself in a new country with another culture, but doing things you love doing is something you need to do to make you happy.

Thoughts on the film Gran Torino

In the movie there is a old man who`s name is Walt Kowalski, and he is the main character in this movie. It happened changes in his Michigan neighborhood and the world around him. Kowalski is a grumpy, tough-minded, unhappy old man who can’t get along with either his kids or his neighbors. He is a Korean War veteran whose prize possession is a 1972 Gran Torino he keeps in mint condition. When his neighbor Thao, a young Hmong teenager under pressure from his gang member cousin, tries to steal his Gran Torino, Kowalski sets out to reform the youth. Drawn against his will into the life of Thao’s family, Kowalski is soon taking steps to protect them from the gangs that infest their neighborhood.

We see oppression of the Hmong people in this film. You can tell by the way Walt looked at them before he got to know them in a personal way, that he thought they were not important. Also the people that Thao and Sue came in much trouble with were black guys, because they thought that they were people that meant less then themselves because of race.

What the film has taught me about the Hmong people in the USA, is that the girls from hmong are going to end up with going to college, and boys will end up in prison. I also learnt that girls from korea have to do all the work in the house, and outside their house like for example garderning. Something that i didn`t know was a problem for people from Korea, was that they struggled so much with fitting in. Like in the movie where Thao and his sister Sue struggled with fitting in, which ended up with them being involved in a lot of trouble.

The experiences Walt had with living in a multicultural neighborhood was that he were woken up a lot by his neighbours in the middle of the night. Either that was Thao trying to steal his car, or his cousin and his friends that started shooting at his neighbour`s house.

Walt changed through the movie, and he also changed his perspective in life. He went from being an old grumpy man who didn`t like anyone after his wife died, to a person that was happy and was willing to sacrifice himself for someone else.

Father Janovich: Why didn’t you call the police?

Walt Kowalski: Well you know, I prayed for them to come but nobody answered.

Those two lines shows that he used to be a person who only prayed to god, even though he didnt want anything to do with the church after his wife died.

Walt Kowalski: I am here for a confession.

That line was told when he went to father Janovich and wanted to confess what he had held in himself for many years. It shows that he ended up with becoming a person who knew what he wanted and believed in.

International day

We, today’s youth, will soon inherit the earth. Then it is our common task to distribute resources, provide peace and ensure that the climate is safeguarded. This is no easy task. Today, many people live in injustice and poverty because others live in wealth. We are all oil children, a generation who lives with the consequences of the oil, on good and bad. Whether we are born in any other country in the world, we are all affected by the oil. Nigeria are now being overridden by the world’s biggest oil disaster. “We are all oil children” is the operation´s day work slogan/expression. The goal of this project is to raise awareness of the problem in Nigeria and also raise money to them. On OD-day students in schools from all over the country donate 400kr for an important matter. What I did for example was to clean my entire house to earn the money.

In the international day there were different rooms around the school where you could either for example listen to someone talk about Zimbabwe or Venezuela in the human library, or you could go to rooms like the reflection room. Since I chose to have international English this year I had to be a “guard” in two rooms I chose that I wanted to attend, and I chose the black box and Zimbabwe. The reason why I chose those rooms was because I like hearing about different cultures and situations in other countries, and I think theatre can be interesting to watch sometimes.

Since I chose those rooms to be a part of, my group and I had to make posters about the rooms. On the Zimbabwe poster we drew the African map, and where the country was on the map. We also drew their flag and wrote a few facts about the country. Instead of just writing the word Zimbabwe on it, we drew and wrote so that people would know what it was about specifically. My group and I didn’t even know that it was a place in Africa that was called that, so we figured more people than us might not know about it too. While we were guards outside the room we made sure to tell people that were nearby the classroom that they can go in the Zimbabwe room, since you could go in while the people were presenting. In some rooms though you had to wait outside until whatever happened in the room was finished.

What I really liked about the international day was that you could go to whatever room you wanted to attend from what you are interested in. Since you could do that, then people really payed attention at the rooms they went into. Something else I liked about the international day was that it lasted almost the entire school day. If I remember correctly, last year it only lasted for 4 or 3 hours. Since we got more time this year, it gave us enough time to attend all the rooms we wanted to go to. There are a few things though that I didn’t think was good enough planned, or should be different next year. That is that people from the human library (Zimbabwe room) that were going to have a presentation came to the school too late. Which meant that the students had to wait for a long time without doing anything while waiting. I heard that there were also other rooms that had the same problem, so they had to shut down rooms for a few hours. This is something that should be changed till next year, so that rooms won´t be shut down.

What I learned from this project was obviously about the oil problem in Nigeria, and that we can do things like this project to help them out. I also learned what Zimbabwe was, and that it is a country in Africa. Also during the process of preparing the international day I learned that you have to work very fast, and not work so detailed with the posters because then it will take a long time. I actually really liked the posters I made with my groups. We worked fast on it, and they turned out great. If I were to only evaluate me right now and not my groups and I, I will say that I did everything I was told to do and I did them with a smile on my face. When it comes to how I worked on the international day and not the preparation, I will say that I could have talked to more students about the different rooms. I kind of held myself back from that, because I felt like the students already knew where they were going.

Even though there were things that needs to change on the next international day, there were obviously more good things than bad. The fact that the school flew people from different countries that had other cultures than us, just so that they could talk about them is amazing! International day is a fun idea for the students to attend, and I hope that it will be every year.

Niger Delta

In Niger Delta they protest the environmental devastation caused by the oil industry. There are no schools, medical clinics, social services, no electricity or clean drinking water in most of their villages. Billions worth of their oil dollars are pumped out of their land every year but still no one seems to care about it. They have petitioned the African Union, United Nations and all kinds of international institutions, yet there have been no reactions. Their women, their men, their children, the elderly are being murdered without any reason for it. In decades of dictatorships with World Bank, IMF loans and shock therapy have crushed their resistance and taken its toll. The people in Niger Delta learnt the hard way, but they still fight together.

Refugee camps in Western Sahara

In the refugee camps there were 165 thousand people. Every month they would get beans, rice and drink tea everyday. Every year the amount of people in the camps decreased. Norway gave 5 million kr to the camps, and they gave people access to education. All kids in the camps got oppurtunities to go to school. When the kids were done with primary school when they were 13 years old they had to move to the north. it would be a three day journey in the desert, until they arrived to the new school. They could only spend 2 months with their family in the in the year, and everyother day they spent it in school. Several thousand children from the camps have received university educations in Cuba. The problem is that young people are losing faith in education, because they know in the end that they will end up in the refugee camps, because of political reasons.

Since the refugee camps are in the desert, they refugees are forced to rely on the international humanitarian assistance for their survival. The food and other supplies would get destroyed by the floods. The refugee camps are governed by Polisario, being administratively part of the Sahrawi Arab Democretic Republic. The camps have 27 clinics, a central hospital and four regional hospitals. Only a few of the camps have access to water, and the drinking sources are neither clean nor sufficient for the entire refugee population. Food, drinking water, building materials and clothing are brought in by international aid agencies. The refugee population dont get enough vegetables, nutritious food and medicines in their system. 40% of the children and 47% of women suffer from lack of iron, and 10% of the children below five years of age suffer from acute lack of nutrition. 32% are suffering from chronic lack of nutrition.

Thousands of families have been separated for up to 30 years, a painful situation for the population in both Western Sahara and the refugee camps. Reports of beatings and torture, in many cases leading to death of Moroccan prisoners of war happened when they lived in the camps. Normally it doesn’t happen much in the camps, because the Sahrawi refugee camps is one of the few camps that have good conditions, since they give children opportunities to get an education and the refugees get free food, drink and clothes.

Girl rising

Girl Rising is an award-winning documentary about the benefits of educating girls. It introduces nine different girls from Haiti, Nepal, Ethiopia, India, Egypt, Peru, Cambodia, Sierra Leone, and Afghanistan. Their struggle is getting an education so they can achieve their dreams. The powerful documentary shows why all girls should get an education. The movie is a part of the girl rising campaign, and it was released in 2013. The main reason why girls don’t get to go to school is because their parents tell them in an early age that they are going to become housewife’s, and get married soon. Parents won’t even let them out of their houses because of sexual assault. 33 million less girls go to primary school then boys. If all girls could get education it would improve their health, get them jobs, a safe future and much more. The biggest reason why girls die in such a young age, is because of giving birth when they are way too young. A girl from the movie that survived after going through this is Amina.

Amina is a young girl from Afghanistan. Her story made the greatest impression on me, and the reason why is because she never gave up. Even though all of the girls went through terrible things and never gave up, I was left with the impression that her experience was the worst. This young girl started working when she was three years old, she could get killed by her brother, her father or another family member because she wanted an education, she got married to her cousin when she was eleven, and gave birth at the same age. The reason why I was left with that impression was because she went through all that, and she still kept on fighting. After everything had happened she went to school, and if anyone tried to stop her she would fight back and find a way through. That is such an important message that could teach young girls all over the world if they heard her story.

The movie´s quote “One girl with courage is a revolution” means that if a girl is brave enough to fight for her rights it can change a nation, a region or a religion. It is the perfect phrase for the movie, because that is what the film is trying to show in different stories. The stories had this impact on me where I kind of got lost in them, because they were so interesting. By interesting I mean that I learned a lot from them. I learned a lot from different cultures and religions, and different problems that other people have that I don’t have in my daily life.

I would never be able to understand what the nine girls were feeling or put myself in their shoes, because I have never experienced anything that they have or anything similar. The only thing I can do is to acknowledge their emotional hardships, and understand that people go through other things than me, even though they can be horrible things. Since I will never experience getting no education, having an arranged marriage, or give birth at a young age, it makes it hard for me to envision how it is to live their lives. I feel like most people watching this film will feel the same. Also for the people that are not familiar with these problems, they will be shocked. They will most likely have this feeling left inside of them forever where they think that they are lucky to not be in these nine girls position´s, and they will feel blessed that they live the life they live, even though it is not perfect.

I would recommend this movie to people who like to learn about different cultures and religions, and how they live their everyday life. If you like to learn how young girls fight their battle on getting an education, and how they get confident in themselves and seeing them going from misery to them getting happy, you will definitely love this movie. I definitely give this movie a ten out of ten, because the movie gave only good messages to the viewers that everything will work out at the end if you truly believe it will.

How Brennan Gilmore became fake news

Brennan Gilmore wrote an article about a terrible situation he was a part of on 12 of August, when he witnessed a nazi drive a car into a street full of people in Charlottesville. He made a video while it happened, and he posted in on twitter. Brennan thought through a lot before he posted it, and he even asked family and friends to be 100% sure. The video he posted had over 100 000 likes and 90 000 retweets. The thing that made the video become as big as it did, was that people started making conspiracy theories about him being a CIA operative. That was only one of many theories made of him, and the reason why that became a theory was because people thought that there would be no way that someone with his background just happened to be right there to take the video. So people thought he had something to do with the incident.

The fact that people could even make that up just because of his background, makes me frustrated. I understand that no one could know the story of his life by just looking at him, but no one should ever judge someone by them having a different religion, culture and background. What i learned from this article and the situation, which i already kind of knew, is that you can never assume and start to believe something, before you know it is true. If you believe the wrong things, then the lies will just pile up and it will become even more lies.

Something i would like to know after reading his article is simply just knowing if he is okay.  He must feel terrible after everyone assuming and making theories about him working with the nazi, and other things. I could never agree with the people making the theories or believe them, because they are just theories. I can still understand why people believed the theories. It is very easy to believe everything that you see on the internet, that is why you should know the truth before you judge.

Global poverty

Poverty is all around the world. Either we are a part of it, or we see it on the news or hear about it in school. African countries dominate the ranking of the 25 poorest  countries in the world. Some of the places are Niger, Madagascar, Mali and Malawi. That is only a few of the countries that have poverty. What i am going to discuss in this blog post is how we can stop poverty in not only those countries, but all poverty around the world, which is called global poverty.

Something i believe is the most important thing to do first, is to build more schools in places where children and adults dont already have education. If children get the education they need, then especially girls dont have to become housewives in the future. That means that women can get the same jobs as men, which means that there will be gender equality. Also access to health care is essential, so that children can grow up healthy and strong. Something else that is important for children is water and sanitation, and it is a essential for every child´s survival.

This is just a few things we can do to help people in poverty, and an organization that does that is called “plan international”. They help by doing all the things i wrote, and so much more. Since not everyone is a part of a organization then you can do other things to help out poverty. You can donate money or clothes to people that need it. You can also sponsor children in poor countries and send money through an organization until they are 18, so they can get health care and go to school. This is a common thing to do in Norway, and me and my family have done it in many years!

In conclusion, i believe that if we all try to decrease poverty in different ways, either that is to join an organization or simply just donate money, it can help so much. So why shouldn’t we all help?